C++ is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It was created by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of another programming language – C, and allows functions not possible in C, like exception handling and function overloading. It is one of the languages in which the MongoDB database, Apache HTTP server, and Unix systems are written.
It might be important to note that it’s not 100% object-oriented, meaning that C++ code can be written without using classes and will still work, but it’s more convenient to stick to an object-oriented approach.
It is a popular language for building embedded software, operating software and desktop applications, drivers, and client-server software. It is great for building large-scale applications that are fast and complex, as well as PC games or databases.
C++ works superbly well with Microsoft’s .NET framework. It is a fast language that enhances productivity, and offers reliable performance across many applications.
Code written in this language can be compiled and run by virtually any system, and C++ can interface with almost every other programming language. It is a very portable language, which is why it’s often chosen for projects which require cross-platform, multi-device development.
The C++ language is a mix of high- and low- level programming functions. It’s lightweight, and perfect for applications where performance is important. It is often used in applications that work directly with hardware.